HLA, as a middleware, provides a way to connect Morse to various other simulator engines, using HLA as standard way to communicate between these tools. Since HLA doesn’t provide a Python interface, the Morse implementation works only with the CERTI implementation of HLA. Moreover, currently, Morse only supports a subset of the full HLA standard:

  • basic federation management
  • declaration management (attribute part only, i.e., datastream in Morse terminology)
  • object management (note that, in currently, Morse does not create new objects when it receives a Discover Object Instance but links a pre-existing object with this HLA instance
  • time management

So, at present, Morse does not support:

  • interactions
  • data distribution management
  • ownership management


Currently, no SOM (Simulation Object Model) has been specified, so it is up to the specific users to develop it, with the associated Morse bindings.

certi_test_input and certi_test_output are provided for example, and are supposed to work with the billard example provided by CERTI.

Datastreams interface

The mapping between the Morse and HLA vocabularies is the following:

  • publishObjectClass and UpdateAttributeValues correspond to an output stream
  • subscribeObjectClassAttributes and reflectAttributeValues correspond to an input stream.

Service interface

This is currently unsupported.

Configuration specifics

The following options may be used to configure HLA behaviour:

  • fom: Mandatory : a string representing the FOM (Federation Object Model) used for this simulation
  • name: Mandatory : a string representing the name of this simulation in the federation
  • federation: Mandatory : the name of the federation to join
  • sync_point: Optional : the name of the initial synchronisation point used for the federation. If it is not present, Morse assumes there is no need to initialise synchronisation
  • sync_register: Optional : if a sync_point is defined, and this variable is true, then this instance of Morse will register the sync_point to the RTIG, and the user should start the simulation by pressing Enter. The default is False.
  • time_sync: Optional : a boolean indicating if the simulation is in ‘Best-effort’ mode or synchronised by the HLA. The default value is False.
  • timestep: Optional : a float indicating how much logical time elapses for each game loop. Do not set this if you use physics from Blender (or sensors relying on Blender time !.
  • lookahead Optional : a flow indicating the lookahead used by the HLA. The default value is timestep.
  • stop_time: Optional : a float indicating when the simulation must stop. If not configured, the simulation continues indefinitely. This only works if time_sync is enabled.

You need to pass the options to the configure_stream_manager method in the following way:

env = Environment('...')
         fom = 'Test.fed', name = 'Morse', federation = 'Test',
         sync_point = 'Init', time_sync = True)


  • Python: $MORSE_ROOT/src/morse/middleware/hla_datastream.py